SAP Services Competency Achieved

SAP Services Competency Achieved

We are thrilled to announce that AeonX has achieved the SAP Services competency by AWS. It is a significant achievement and a testament to the hard work and dedication of our team.

SAP Services is a highly sought-after competency that demonstrates a company expertise in deploying, migrating, and managing SAP applications on the AWS Cloud platform. This competency requires meeting rigorous standards and passing a series of tests to ensure that we have the necessary knowledge, experience, and skills to deliver top-quality SAP solutions on AWS.

AeonX achievement of the SAP Services competency is a remarkable accomplishment, especially considering that very few companies in India have achieved this distinction.

By achieving this competency, AeonX is well-positioned to help customers with their SAP workloads on AWS, delivering faster, more reliable, and more cost-effective solutions. The SAP Services competency enables us to leverage AWS cutting-edge technology and best practices, providing customers with superior services and support.

Congratulations to the team on this remarkable achievement, and we look forward to seeing the continued success of our team in the future.

A Sap Consultant Guide 2022 : Career, Salary, Jobs, Scope, Skill

A Sap Consultant Guide 2022 : Career, Salary, Jobs, Scope, Skill

A Sap Consultant Guide 2022 : Career, Salary, Jobs, Scope, Skills, Future

SAP consultants are in high demand due to the widespread use of SAP software in businesses across the globe. 

As a sap consultant, you would be responsible for providing expert advice and support to organisations who use SAP software. 

You would need to have a strong understanding of how the software works and what it can do for a business. 

In this article, we will explore the career options available to sap consultants, as well as the salaries and job prospects associated with this profession.

How to Become an SAP Consultant?

The best way to become an SAP consultant is to have a degree in information technology or management information systems. 

You will also need to have several years of experience working with SAP software. 

Alternatively, you can complete a certification program from SAP which will give you the skills and knowledge required to be successful in this field.

Read more:- Sap Blog

What do SAP Consultants do? Who is a SAP consultant

SAP consultants play a vital role in helping businesses to use SAP software effectively. 

They provide expert advice and support to organisations who are looking to improve their business processes with the help of SAP. 

They can work in a variety of roles, such as project managers, process analysts, or system administrators.

The typical duties of a sap consultant include:

– Evaluating the needs of a business and determining how SAP software can be used to meet those needs

– Designing, implementing, and maintaining SAP systems

– Training employees on how to use SAP software

– Analysing and troubleshooting problems with SAP systems

– Providing support to customers

Read more:- How Does SAP Protect Your Data?

Skills Required to become a SAP Consultant

In order to be a successful sap consultant, you will need to have strong analytical and problem-solving skills. 

You must also be able to effectively communicate with clients and colleagues in order to get the most out of SAP software.

You’ll need to have a deep understanding of SAP modules in order for this job opening. 

You should also be very knowledgeable and skilled with verbal communication, because you will likely communicate with other employees on projects or tasks they’re working through themselves as well! 

It would help if your presentations were crisp but not too long-winded–that way people can get their point across quickly while still listening carefully without getting distracted by everything else going around them at once.

Read more:- Skills for sap consultant

Types of SAP Consultants

sap consultant guide career salary jobs scope skills

There are Four main types of sap consultants:

SAP Basis Consultant

SAP Functional Consultants 

SAP Technical Consultant 

SAP Business Consultant 

SAP Basis Consultant

The SAP basis consultant is responsible for the administration and operation of the SAP software. They ensure that the software is running smoothly and meets the needs of the business.

SAP Functional Consultants

The SAP functional consultant is responsible for designing and implementing business processes using SAP software. They work with clients to understand their needs and ensure that the software meets their requirements.

SAP Technical Consultant

The SAP technical consultant is responsible for the development and implementation of SAP software. They work with clients to understand their IT infrastructure and design a solution that meets their needs.

SAP Business Consultant

The SAP business consultant is responsible for providing strategic advice to businesses who use SAP software. They help organizations to optimize their use of the software and improve their business processes.

Read more:- Types of Sap Consultant

Specializations Offered

SAP offers a range of specialisations for sap consultants. These include:

– SAP Financial Accounting

– SAP Human Resources Management

– SAP Sales and Distribution

– SAP Production Planning

– SAP Project Management

Scope For an SAP Consultant

The scope for sap consultants is growing rapidly.

There are many opportunities for career growth and advancement in this field. 

SAP consultants can work in a variety of roles, and can progress to senior positions with experience.

Some of the top recruiters for sap consultants include:


– Deloitte

– Accenture

– Capgemini

Sap consultant future

The future for sap consultants is bright.

There are many opportunities for career growth and advancement in this field. 

Sap consultants can work in a variety of roles, and can progress to senior positions with experience.

Read more on quora:- Future of sap consultant

Sap consultant roles and responsibilities

The roles and responsibilities of sap consultants vary depending on their specialisation. 

However, some of the key tasks that they are responsible for include:

– Identifying business requirements

– Designing and implementing business processes using SAP software

– Supporting clients in the use of SAP software

– Providing strategic advice to businesses who use SAP software

SAP Career Path, Objective and Opportunities

If you’re interested in pursuing a career in sap services consulting, there are many different paths you can take. 

You can start by obtaining a degree in information technology or business administration. 

Alternatively, you can complete a certification program from SAP which will give you the skills and knowledge required to be successful in this field.

The SAP career opportunities are extensive, with positions available in every department. 

A career objective for a sap consultant might be to become a manager in information technology or business administration. 

With experience, they may want to specialise in finance and asset management or process improvement projects within SAP environments. 

Alternatively, they may want to become a trainer or instructor for SAP software.

Finance & Asset Management: Develop and maintain financial strategies to effectively manage the company’s finances from cash flow management through budgeting and forecasting as well as accounting specialising on Sarbanes Oxley compliance issues . 

You will also assist manager of finance by providing technical expertise when needed for process improvement projects dealing mostly with accounts payable/receivables or depending upon your skillset maybe it could bekat budgets etc.

how to become sap consultant

Qualification and Educational Background for SAP JOBS

The typical qualification for SAP jobs would be a degree in computer science, engineering, or information systems. 

However, there are many other degrees that can be beneficial for a career in SAP.

These include:

– Business administration

– Information technology

– Management information systems

– Mathematics

– Statistics

Read more:- Driving Innovation With SAP

Sap Consultant Certification

Certification from SAP is also highly desirable, and is the best way to gain the skills and knowledge required to work in this field.

There are three levels of certification offered by SAP:

– Associate

– Professional

– Expert

The associate level is suitable for those who have little or no experience with SAP software. 

The professional level is for those who have a basic understanding of the software, and the expert level is for those who are skilled in using SAP software.

Career Aspiration for SAP Consultants

Most sap consultants aspire to have a career in information technology or business administration. 

They want to be able to use their skills and knowledge to help businesses optimize their use of SAP software and improve their business processes.

There are many opportunities for advancement in these fields, and with experience, sap consultants can progress to senior positions within companies that use SAP software.

Sap consultant salary

The salary for sap consultants varies depending on their level of experience and specialization.

However, the average salary is around $70,000 per year.

Read more:- Sap Consultant Salary

Salary of sap consultant in India

The salary for sap consultants in India is around Rs. 400,000 per year.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Is sap consultant a good career ?

A career as a sap consultant is a good choice for those who are interested in working with information technology and business administration. 

They will have the opportunity to use their skills and knowledge to help businesses improve their efficiency and optimise their use of SAP software. 

The salary is also good, with most sap consultants earning around $70,000 per year.

Q. How much does a sap consultant earn in India ?

The salary for sap consultants in India is around Rs. 400,000 per year.

Q. What qualifications are required to become a sap consultant ?

Most employers require a degree in computer science, engineering, or information systems. 

However, there are many other degrees that can be beneficial for a career in SAP. 

Certification from SAP is also desirable, and is the best way to gain the skills and knowledge required to work in this field.

Read more:- Qualification for Sap Consultant

Q. Sap consultant interview questions answers

Some common interview questions and answers for sap consultants include:

– What experience do you have with SAP software?

– What do you know about the different modules within SAP?

– How would you go about solving a problem with SAP software?

– Can you give an example of a project that you worked on as a sap consultant?

Read more:- SAP Interview Questions & Answers

Q. How long does it take to become a sap consultant?

It typically takes around 2 years to become a sap consultant. 

However, this may vary depending on the level of certification that is obtained.

Q. What are the different types and levels of sap consultants

There are three levels of sap consultants: associate, professional, and expert. 

The associate level is suitable for those who have little or no experience with SAP.

Q. Career objective for sap fico consultant

A career objective for a sap fico consultant might include becoming certified in sap fico, specialising in financial processes, and working with companies that use sap software. 

With experience, they may aspire to senior positions within these organizations.

Q. SAP Consultant Job Description

A sap consultant is a professional who has a basic understanding of the software, and is skilled in using SAP software. 

They work with businesses to help them improve their efficiency and optimise their use of SAP software. 

Most sap consultants aspire to have a career in information technology or business administration. 

The average salary for sap consultants is around $70,000 per


To conclude, sap consulting can be an extremely rewarding career for those who have a passion for information technology and business administration. 

The salary is good, there are many opportunities for advancement, and the work is interesting and challenging. 

If you are interested in becoming a sap consultant, be sure to obtain certification from SAP, specialize in financial processes, and gain experience working with businesses that use sap software.

How is Aeonx the best company to join as a SAP Consultant?

AeonX Digital Solutions offers SAP Application Management Services, SAP Sales Education & Training, and AWS & DevOps consultancy services.

  • Aeonx is a world class software company with an impressive client base. As a sap consultant, you would be working with some of the best in the business. 
  • We offer excellent training and development opportunities to help you grow as a professional. 
  • Our team-based approach ensures that you will always have support from your colleagues. 

If you are looking for an exciting and challenging career as a sap consultant, then Aeonx is the perfect place for you!

Open Positions at Aeonx Digital:

Kickstart your career in SAP and Cloud Computing with AeonX Digital – One of the fastest

growing SAP & AWS consulting firms in India.

🔸 Freshers welcome

🔸 Certification and on-the-job training

🔸 Secure future

🔸 People first culture

SAP ABAP  Developer

(BE, MCA, BCA, BSc, MSc – CS/IT with DB and programming knowledge)

SAP Functional:

Finance & Controlling (B.Com, CA, M.Com, MBA)

Sales & Distribution (BE, B.Sc, B.Com, MBA)

Material Management (BE, B.Sc, B.Com,MBA)

Production Planning (BE)

1 year of domain experience is preferred for all SAP functional positions

JAVA and Web Developers

(BE, MCA, BCA, BSc, MSc – CS/IT with DB and programming knowledge)


Interview Date: 22nd March 2022

Address: Time Square Empire, Mirzapar Highway, Bhuj – 370001

Apply here:

To learn more about career in SAP & AWS, click here:

How Does SAP Protect Your Data?

How Does SAP Protect Your Data?

Any information or data recorded and stored by a business digitally needs to be protected. From financial information to payment and personal details, it is imperative that this data is protected for the safety and maintenance of your business. These can be key pieces of information commonly stored by enterprises such as consumer details, employee records, transactions, strategy, and transactions among many. They need to be prevented from being misused by fraudulent third parties. 

What is GDPR?

The General Data Protection Regulation is a pan-European data protection law that is significant in bringing about a 21st-century approach to data protection. It enhances the rights of individuals to control how their personal data is collected and processed and obligates organizations to be more accountable for data protection. This is relevant as SAP has to directly comply with this. 

black iphone 5 beside brown framed eyeglasses and black iphone 5 c

There are 6 principles of data protection outlined by the GDPR:

1. Lawfulness, fairness, and transparency

Organization’s need to make sure their data collection practices abide by the law and that they aren’t hiding anything from data subjects.

2. Purpose limitation

Organizations should only collect personal data for a specific purpose after clearly stating what that purpose is, and only collect data till the purpose is met.

3. Data minimization

Organization’s must only process the personal data that they need to achieve its processing purposes. 

4. Accuracy

The accuracy of personal data is integral to data protection and necessary steps should be taken to rectify inaccurate and incomplete information. 

5. Storage limitation

Further organization’s need to delete personal data when it’s no longer necessary.

6. Integrity and confidentiality

Any and all personal data must be processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorized processing, accidental loss, destruction, or damage. 

Data Protection By SAP


Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing, better known as SAP is dedicated to ensuring complete data safety of all its users. Data Protection comes with various legal requirements and privacy concerns. It is a lot of complicated stuff and involves compliance with general data privacy regulations along with industry-specific legislation in different countries. SAP offers specific features and functions to support and aid compliance with regard to respective legal necessities of data protection. These security features and data protection-relevant functions include simplified blocking, deletion, or depersonalization of personal data, etc.

How Does That Work?

SAP signs data processing agreements with each of their cloud service providers which mirrors the terms of SAP’s customer-facing data protection agreement and includes the standard contractual clauses. This way SAP implements and maintains organizational, technical, and legal measures to effectively protect the personal data of its clients.

SAP has a complex Data Protection Management System which consists of company-wide data protection guidelines, function-specific work instructions, and a global network of data privacy representatives.

By regularly training all its employees, SAP verifies a high level of data protection awareness with regular audits in more than 100 locations all over the world, annually. It has been accredited by the British Standards Institution (BSI) of London to have a high standard for personal information management systems. 

SAP provides a support portal in addition to the SAP Trust Center which extends public offering through access to additional documentation exclusively available to SAP customers and partners. Audit details and results are accessible by the consumer through the annual customer audit report.

Cyber security concept

As a business owner or manager, one has the duty to make sure the data is secure and accurate. It is imperative that data is collected consensually, processed correctly, and stored safely.  By following proper data protection measures, organizations can prevent cybercrimes such as frauds, identity thefts, and/or hacking.

This is significant as a breach in your data security can be very costly. Along with legal implications, the business can lose its precious credibility. 

SAP ensures that it can efficiently comply with all Data protection legalities and specifications all over the world. In this extensively digital world, proactive data protection is the key to a healthy business.

Driving Innovation With SAP

Driving Innovation With SAP

Integrating and coordinating business operations for several enterprises worldwide, Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing or SAP has been an industry game changer. With over a number of fully integrated modules, the SAP system efficiently covers virtually every aspect of business management.

Developing a successful business model, depends highly vis-à-vis the industry it wishes to compete in. Since the business environment differs for every industry, the communication and management needs to be tailor-made for every enterprise.

SAP offers solutions to aid your company run better with best practice business process and intelligent technologies. It promises intuitive industry specific priorities and solution capabilities.

Energy and Resources:

SAP provides reliable solutions for the energy and resources industry which will enable the business to tap into deeper customer insights, speed time to market, optimize the supply chain, and maximize brand and promotion investments. similarly, it aids digital logistics by improving speed, efficiency, and sustainability by aligning distribution and fulfillment processes and collaborating with logistics participants. SAP gives real-time visibility and transparency of manufacturing operations, optimize processes, and collaborate in global networks. Enterprises can plan inventory and supply through cross-functional collaboration, analysis, and optimization of demand signals, supply constraints, and financial considerations. SAP solutions can help businesses manage commodity prices and risks, plan and execute shipments, run maintenance operations, and connect to operational technology. This industry includes construction, production and manufacturing, chemicals, mining, oil and gas, and textiles. 

Financial Services:

With banking and insurance shifted to a digital platform, the need for SAP is inevitable. SAP supports seamless connectivity, highly automated core processes, superior financial insight, and risk control, all supported by data-driven intelligence. Therefore Financial institutions use this ERP software to assist sales, services, marketing, and digital engagement for context-sensitive, cross-sell, and up-sell offers and profitable product and service bundles.

Therefore it is very useful to attract, cultivate, and maintain consumers by managing a multichannel environment to maximize customer engagement.

Consumer Industries:

SAP drives innovation in consumer-based industries by increasing transparency, improving collaboration and project management between R&D, and enforcing compliance and quality. It braces the supply chain by optimizing customer services and profitability by balancing supply to meet dynamic demand at optimum cost. Businesses can revolutionize decision making with analytic capabilities to discover, plan, and predict better business outcomes. SAP also provides database management solutions to gain real-time insight anywhere and anytime. 

Discrete Industries:

The SAP software empowers businesses in the discrete industries (such as defense, automobiles, high tech, software providers, etc) to accelerate vehicle and service innovation, improve quality, reduce manufacturing costs and sell and service vehicles more profitably. This boosts market share growth in a highly competitive global market.

Service Industries:

SAP enables service industries (media, sports, cargo transportation, telecommunications, and travel) to monitor performance against plan and respond quickly to market change. It helps you understand the performances of all marketing activities to optimally plan resources and drive customer loyalty and growth. It ensures consistency between financial, logical, and physical views of network assets. In all consumer channels, it helps to deliver contextually relevant and personalized experiences.

Public Services:

These include defense and security, future cities, healthcare, education, postal, and public sector services. SAP helps you design, analyze, and review public processes and drive positive outcomes for society. In addition, it aids government organizations to adapt swiftly, innovate constantly, and transform the lives of citizens. 

In conclusion, In today’s data-driven world, businesses in any industry are incomplete without SAP. Success may vary from industry to industry, but the key is inefficiently managing complex business processes. SAP allows companies to proactively deliver on their organization’s purpose and performance.

Top 30 SAP Interview Questions & Answers

Top 30 SAP Interview Questions & Answers

Working in SAP is fundamentally a technical job and while theory and strong concepts are imperative for candidates applying for the position, practical and applied knowledge are much needed as well. Like most interviews, SAP candidates will be especially questioned about their previous experience and roles.

Listed below are 30 frequently asked SAP Interview Questions and Answers Every Candidate needs to take a look at:

four men sitting at desk talking

1. What do you mean by ERP?

Ans. ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning Software and is an integrated computer-based system used to manage a company’s resources effectively. It ensures smooth flow of information amongst various departments in an enterprise or a company and manages the workflows.

2. What do you know about SAP?

Ans. SAP is the abbreviation for Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing. It is a German company founded in 1972 by Wellenreuther, Hopp, Hector, Plattner, and Tschira. Along with the name of the company, SAP is its ERP product as well. Leading the ERP industry, SAP customers include around 92% of the Forbes Global 2000 companies. Alongside SAP is also a market share leader in analytics, supply chain management, human capital management and experience management. 

3. List the Different Modules in SAP.

Ans. SAP provides several industry- specific solutions and has various modules such as Financial Accounting, Controlling, Enterprise Controlling, Investment Management, Sales and Distribution, Human Resources, Production Planning, Business Warehousing, Quality Management among many others. As the world expands, the list too is ever-growing.

4. Explain Metadata, Master data and Transaction data.

Ans. According to the commonly agreed categories of data in the data management field:

I. MetaData is data about Data i.e it tells you about the structure of data or MetaObjects.

II. Master Data is the key business information about customers, employees and other business elements that supports transactions.

III. Transactional Data describes business events and is the largest volume of data in the enterprise, for example buying from suppliers or selling to customers.

5. Which are the three stages of data mining?

Ans. Data mining is the process of discovering hidden, valuable knowledge by analyzing a large amount of data. It is a very important process, advantageous for various industries, such as manufacturing, marketing, etc. Three stages of data mining include

  • Initial Exploration
  • Model building
  • Deployment

6. Mention what is the difference between SAP BASIS and SAP ABAP?

Ans. SAP ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming) is a high level programming language used within SAP to customize, generate forms, generate reports, etc. While SAP BASIS is the administration module of SAP used to control code changes, upgrades, database admin, network setup, etc. It is the technical foundation for SAP and consists of middleware programs and tools that support the interoperability and portability of SAP applications across systems and databases.

7. Explain what is meant by “Business Content” in SAP?

Ans. Business Content in SAP is a pre-configured set of role and task-related information models that are based on consistent metadata stored in the SAP warehouse, which can be used directly or with desired modification in varying industries. It provides selected roles within a company with the information that the roles need to perform their tasks. 

8. Mention what are the standard stages of the SAP Payment Run?

Ans. SAP provides Automatic Payment Run which manages payments and carries out tasks like posting accounts payable (payment to a vendor) automatically. It also helps you find out due/overdue invoices, process consumer lists and vendor invoices to make payments seamlessly.

In the SAP Payment Run, the standard stages of SAP includes 

  1. Entering parameters includes entering company codes, vendor accounts, payment methods, etc.
  2. Proposal Scheduling includes the system proposes a list of invoices to be paid.
  3. Payment booking is the booking of the actual payments into the ledger.
  4. Printing of Payment forms.

9. What is Bex?

Ans. Bex means Business Explorer. It enables the end-user to locate reports, analyze information, view reports and can execute queries. The queries in the workbook can be saved to their respective roles in the Bex browser. It has components like Bex analyzer, Bex Map, & Bex web.

10. What is NetWeaver?

Ans. NetWeaver is an integrated technology platform for all products in the my SAP suite to run on a single instance of NetWeaver, known as SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs). NetWeaver is beneficial as you can access SAP data using the web (http protocol) or even mobile. All in all, it helps you save on costs involved in training users on SAP Client-side GUI.

11. Mention what is the process to create a table in the data dictionary?

Ans. Data dictionary is viewed as metadata in the SAP database with the metadata stored by the database and is used to create and manage data definitions, create tables, data elements, domains, views and types.

To create a table in the data dictionary, you have to follow these steps:

  • Creating domains (data type, field length, range)
  • Creating data elements (properties and type for a table field)
  • Creating tables (SE 11)

12. Mention what is the importance of ODS in BIW?

Ans. An ODS (Operational Data Store) object serves to store debugged and consolidated transaction data on a document level. It defines a consolidated dataset from one or more sources of information. This dataset can be evaluated with a Bex query or an Infoset query. The data of an ODS object can be updated with a delta update into InfoCubes or other ODS objects in the same system or across systems. Contrary to multi-dimensional data storage with InfoCubes, the data in the ODS object is stored in transparent, flat database tables.

13. Other than SAP, are there any ERP softwares in the market?

Ans: Yes, there are others available in the market such as Microsoft Dynamics, PeopleSoft, Siebel, JD Edwards, Baan, etc. Each of these ERPs has different specialities. Apart from these, there are various other lesser known ERPs and many small enterprises tend to use them because of the cost factor. 

14.  What drove you to choose a career in SAP?

Ans. Enterprise Resource Planning is the backbone of any large organisation. Without using an ERP, the functioning of these organisations is bound to slow down and be vulnerable to errors. I had always dreamt of working in an MNC and since SAP is at the top of the ERP market, it was the obvious choice. SAP is said to have 140,000+ installations and 25+ specific business solutions. I think working in such an accomplished company with so many intellectuals will push me to the best of my capabilities.

15. In SAP, how many simultaneous sessions can you have?

Ans: In SAP, a user can have 6 simultaneous sessions at one time for one client.

16. What are the different layers in the R/3 system?

Ans: There are three main layers in the SAP R/3 system;

  • Presentation Layer
  • Database Layer
  • Application Layer

17. What are the most common transport errors that you can come across?

Ans: The most common transport errors in occurrence are:

  • Return Code 4
  • Return Code 8
  • Return Code 12
  • Return Code 18

18. Mention what is the difference between Domain & Data Element?

Ans. The basic difference is that data element is an intermediate object between domain and table type, whereas domain defines attributes such as length, type and possible value range. 

19. What does an update type with reference to a match-code ID mean?

Ans: Whenever the data in base tables of a match-code ID changes, it needs updating. In this instance, the update type tells us about the time when the match-code needs updating and also clarifies how to do it.  Another significant function of the match-code is that it defines the method which is to be used for building match-codes.

20. What are SET parameters & GET parameters?

Ans. To use parameter IDs, you need to SET values in the global memory area and then GET values from this parameter ID memory area. In the case of the online program, you have to SET values from screen fields, and you will GET these values for screen fields.

21.  What do you mean by one-time vendors?

Ans. In certain industries, it is not feasible to create new master records for every vendor trading partner. One-time vendors enable a dummy vendor code to be used for an invoice entry, and the information that is normally stored in the vendor master is keyed on the invoice itself.

22. What is an extended star schema?

Ans: The star schema is an amalgamation of fact tables and dimension tables. Separate tables are used to store master data and these tables have reference to characteristics in dimension tables. These separate tables are called extended star schema.

23. Why do organizations generally choose to implement SAP? 

Ans. Organisations choose to implement SAP as it is highly configurable and assures secure data handling. Along with that there is minimum data redundancy and maximum data consistency. Organizations can also take advantage of economies of sales like purchasing apart from tight integration-cross function. SAP makes coordination of resources across the organisation swift and effective.

24. Does SAP have its own database management tool?

Ans. SAP is not a database itself but an application that uses databases provided by other servers like Oracle, or SQL Server

25. What does ‘transaction’ mean in SAP terminology?

Ans. According to SAP terminology, a transaction is a series of logically connected dialog steps.

26. Explain the application, presentation, & database servers in SAP R/3?

Ans. The application layer of a R/3 system is made up of the application server and the message server. Application programs in an R/3 system run on application servers. Using the message server, the application servers interact with presentation components, the database, and also with each other. All the data are stored in a centralized server, which is the database server.

27.  Explain what is a company in SAP?

Ans. In SAP, ‘company’ is the highest organizational unit for which financial statements like profit and loss statements, balance sheets can be drawn according to the requirement of organizations. A single company contains one or many company codes. All the company codes in SAP must use the same COA (chart of accounts) and fiscal year.

28. Mention the two types of services that are used to deal with communication?

Ans. To deal with communication, you can use two types of services: 

  1. Message Service is used to exchange short internal messages by the application servers.
  2. Gateway Service allows communication between R/3 and external applications using CPI-C protocol.

29. Name the different types of variables there are?

Ans. The different types of variables are characteristics variable, hierarchies, hierarchy nodes, text, formulae, processing types, replacement path and default type.

30. Mention some shortcomings of SAP

Ans. Despite being a game-changer in the data management field, SAP has a few setbacks. These include the high cost and lengthy implementation time. It demands a highly trained staff as the interface can be a bit complicated. SAP also does not determine where master data resides.

E-Invoicing Under GST India

E-Invoicing Under GST India

E-Invoicing Under GST India: Where Efficiency Meets Transparency

Over the years, companies all over the world have been replacing paper invoices with electronic versions to improve efficiency of business. Tax authorities and governmental organisations have begun enforcing the use of ‘e-invoicing’ for economical and security reasons.

Commencing from 1st January 2020, the GST council of India has approved the introduction of electronic invoicing for reporting of business to business (B2B) invoices to the Invoice Registration Portal (IRP) System.

SAP proposes to introduce an e-Invoice solution to enable customers to comply with the new e-Invoice mandate.

Read more:- A Sap Consultant Guide 2022 : Career, Salary, Jobs, Scope, Skills

What is the current system?

Presently,  businesses use different software’s to generate invoices and manually  upload them in the GSTR-1. Further it goes to GSTR-2A. When any transporter needs to generate the e-way bill, they have to import the invoices in Excel.

A common misconception is that the e-invoice will be generated from the government’s tax portal. Rest assured, the invoices will continue to be generated using the business’ existing ERP software keeping in view the varied needs of item master, buyer master, UQC etc. along with sub-second responses from IR Portal (IRP).

So the customer needs to keep their ERP to generate the invoice with additional data as the GSTN portal will not generate the e-Invoices for them. It has just been uploaded with JSON data formats.

Benefits of E-invoicing

The e-invoicing is an initiation from the Goods and Services Tax Network to simplify the GST return process and avoid discrepancies. It has parallel benefits for the business or organization as well. 

Advantages to the Goods and Services Tax Network:

  1. It will aid in building a healthy GSTN eco-system where the interoperability and interpretation of invoices are easy. This simply means that an invoice generated by one software could be read by other software easily. 
  2.  Standardization of invoices would avoid the re-entry of data into the portal and reduce resource usage in the long run.
  3. Inculcate better tax-paying practices by supporting organizations in one-time reporting on B2B invoice data, generating purchase/sale registers, and sort out input credit verification issues.
  4. It will help in the reduction of tax evasion by maintaining a complete trail of B2B invoices and facilitating a system-level matching of input credit and output tax.
  5. The biggest benefits that e-invoicing delivers are transparency and proof as with e-invoicing, the moment an invoice is made, it will be uploaded on the GSTN portal where pre-validation will be done and a unique number called IRN (Invoice Reference Number) will be issued.
  6. All in all, it will improve the efficiency of Tax Administration by the elimination of fake invoices.

Advantages to the Business:

  1. Since e-invoicing is not mandatory as of now, businesses can conveniently decide when and how to deploy the practice.
  2. E-invoicing would save the business of last-minute runs as invoices will already be uploaded and the records are reconciled.
  3. This will also avoid the need to generate e-way bills.
  4. Real-time tracking of invoices will be possible as the supplier generated invoice copy would be sent to the customer by the GSTN portal.

How does SAP assist in E-invoicing?

The new mandate brought in the need to standardize the format in which electronic data of an invoice will be shared with others to ensure the interoperability of the data. E-invoice under GST India covers documents such as invoice by supplier, credit note by suppliers, debit note by supplier and any other document required by law to be reported by the creator of the invoice.

SAP proposes to introduce e-Invoice solutions to assist customers to comply with the new e-Invoice mandate:

Automated Solution: It involves the direct integration to the e-invoicing (IRN) system via GSP. This will enable taxpayers to upload the payload from the backend SAP system to the portal, generate the Invoice Reference Number and link it with the billing document in the backend system. In the automated process, the preparation of standardized format is done by SAP.

Manual Solution: It involves reading the response file and storing the information of the IRN, QR code and digital signature in the standard table and linking the original invoice with IRM along with its current status. The preparation of the standardised format (JSON request file) needs to be generated offline by the customer.


SAP generated solutions will help businesses seamlessly generate e-invoices and meet functionality as per the government mandate. Through automatic real-time online integration by secured communication with the GST portal, businesses can use their existing ERP software to operate e-invoices. 

E-invoicing will prove to be a great aid in improving the efficiency of business whilst maintaining transparency with the government.